IS THE CAMBRIDGE COGNITIVE TEST (CAMCOG) A USEFUL TOOL TO PREDICT THE PATHOLOGICAL STATUS OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID IN PATIENTS. Screening Test s. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). 12 (52). Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG). 8 (35). Middlesex Elderly Assessment of. A leading global provider of cognitive assessment software for use in: • Academic Research – Promoting products for use in Academic Research since
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The functional evaluation consisted of applying both the evaluation scale of the daily life basic activities 17 and of the daily life instrumental activities 18both in the subject as well as in the informant, with divergencies in the information written down and commented by the rater.
This study took place in a public geriatric outpatient clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Arch Clin Neuropsychol ; The interrater reliability, which was evaluated using the ICC, proved to be high, varying from 0. Although there is no standard neuropsychological test for the diagnosis of dementia, exists several instruments used for this purpose. The lack of a specific biological marker for the diagnosis of dementia in the clinical practice amplifies the vitality of this evaluation 2.
Reliability of the Brazilian version of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination Revised CAMCOG-R
However, education and social class are highly correlated variables and when the association with education is examined without adjusting for social class, attention and praxis are also found to be significantly related to education. Validation of a short cognitive tool for the screening of dementia in elderly people with tesg educational level.
The stability of the total score of the instrument in time was adequate, even after the stratification by sex, age, schooling, and the presence of dementia; the difference in the ICC scores for the test’ set of items and for most subscales was discreet, suggesting the instrument maintains its stability in time even in subjects with cognition impairment.
J Psychiatr Res ; All subjects underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment consisting of a functional and a cognitive evaluation, as well as of an interview with an informant. J Cqmcog Exp Neuropsychol ; They were then divided in the following categories: The source population was composed of 1, elders who attended the clinic between May 2 nd and December 28 th According to the dementia diagnosis, the “perception” and “executive functions” subscales obtained a higher ICC among the non-cases, while in the “attention and calculation” subscale, the ICC was higher among the cases Table 4.
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The Cambridge examination for mental disorders of the elderly. The high reliability of the test-retest found in the present study suggests that the instrument has an excellent level of stability with time, for both the set of items in the test and for the majority of the items in the subscales.
However, it does not seem to us that this fact jeopardized the quality of the results, since similar studies were made with samples containing 40 to 55 subjects 8, Bearing in mind the multidimensionality of the construct named cognition, the internal consistency of the instruments used to evaluate it should reflect the agreement or not of each item with the test as a whole. Landis J, Koch G. In Brazil, the only study found by the authors which validates instruments from this country’ perspective was the one written by Bottino et al.
Neuropsychological batteries of tests are widely used to evaluate subjects who tested positive in the screening examinations. The internal consistency of the set of items of the test was high: The praxis subscale demonstrated the smallest stability in time Table 4.
The raters were not allowed to discuss their doubts, which were answered later by the coordinator of the survey. In the test-retest reliability study, Services on Demand Journal. It has incorporated a few screening instruments for cognitive disturbances widely used in epidemiological research, such as the Mini-Mental State Examination MMSE 6and 8 of the 10 items of the Hodgkinson Abbreviated Mental Test 7. Results from the European Harmonization Project for instruments in dementia.
Discreet differences were noticed in the ICC values for the subscale items after sex, age, and schooling stratification.
The data was typed and analyzed using SPSS The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. The stability of the instrument among those with mild, moderate and severe dementia was 0.
Instrument application and the evaluated variables The test application was done by ccamcog of the five trained examiners for the study: The testing took place in a reserved room, well lit, with little external noise, teest with no visible calendars or clocks. The exclusion criteria were: In general, the combination of brevity and breadth of the CAMCOG, along with its distributional properties, makes it an attractive neuropsychological test camcov use in the community or the clinic.
Assessment of older people: The data suggest that the studied phenomenon – cognition – was kept stable during the period of time in which it was studied. The complexity of the instrument demands training for the raters and the copyright is reserved by the Cambridge University Press. The fundamental psychometric status of neuropsychological batteries.
The Cronbach’ alpha of the set of items of the test was high 0. On retest invitation out of subjects returned.
Examination of the association between CAMCOG scores and socio-demographic famcog age, sex, education and social class shows that each exerts a significant, and independent, effect upon performance.
However, we suggest reapplying this study in different operational settings to learn about the stability of the instrument in other circumstances.