Na wiosnę roku sułtan Osman II ruszył na Rzeczpospolitą, osobiście prowadząc wojsko. We wrześniu Turcy stanęli pod Chocimiem. Polakom przyszło się. Battle of Chocim: Osman II: Realizing that his defeat at Chocim (Khotin, Ukraine) in largely stemmed from the lack of discipline and the degeneracy of the. Category:Battle of Khotyn () Start time, 2 September End time, 9 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz in Chocim jpg × ; 77 KB.

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Cavalry counterattacks were especially crucial because the Commonwealth relied heavily on its elite Polish Hussars and Cossacks. Defending the Polish banner at Chocim in Juliusz Kossak, The Commonwealth responded to the defeat at Cecora and the threat of invasion by raising a much larger army than in Around 10, Ottomans moved to attack, but then Chodkiewicz counterattacked with three squadrons of hussars and one squadron of reitersa total of between and men.

Battle of Khotyn (1621)

These field works were designed to allow the use of cavalry counterattacks. Chocij the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century, the magnates of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth intervened in the affairs of Moldaviawhich was—and had been since its conquest by Mehmed II in the 15th century—a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire.

The lateness of the season, the loss of approximately 40, of his men in battle, the general exhaustion of the Ottoman army, and the cjocim that his large force was also running out of supplies compelled Osman II to accept choicm request from the defenders to start negotiations, [11]: And our men pursued them hitting and killing them as far as the camp of the Turks.

This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.


The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that ” faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain “. On September 2 the Ottomans tried to breach the unfinished Cossack camp.

The Polish-Lithuanian army arrived near Khotyn around August 24 and started entrenching itself near the Khotyn Chocumblocking the path of the Ottoman march.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Khotyn’s famous castle was built by the Genoese and expanded by subsequent rulers.

On 24 September, a few days before the siege was to be lifted, the aged Grand Hetman died of exhaustion and illness in the camp. In this battle rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were deployed successfully. Osman wanted to modernize the army, which he blamed for the defeat; his plans for modernization were, however, opposed by the tradition-minded janissaries.

Such actions raised the morale fhocim the Commonwealth troops.

Battle of Chocim, September to 9 October (NS)

However, after Graziani bribed some magnates, units of private troops begun to flee and some mercenary cavalry panicked and run away. The Polish charge inflicted heavy casualties and had a huge impact on the morale of the Ottoman army.

The army entered Moldavia in September. Retrieved from ” https: The Turks, following their victory in the Battle of Cecora, had high hopes of conquering Poland. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details. A semicircle of field fortifications was created.

File:Battle of Chocim 1621.PNG

If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The Turkish forces withdrew from Poland after their supplies and most of their artillery were captured. Views Read Edit View history.

This page was last edited on 16 Julyat Mercenaries, private troops and their magnate leaders, were lacking in discipline and morale.


Khotin was conquered and controlled by many states, resulting in many name changes. In addition, two fortified camps were set in front of the main defence line: The Commonwealth camp covered some eight square kilometres.

There were stationed 3 squadrons as day sentries at the gate of the Crown-Hetman, and they did not suspect anything. These restored the pre-war situation, confirming the border between the Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire and leaving Moldavia under Ottoman control. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

Battle of Khotyn (chocim) Ukrainian Book Cossacks Ottoman Empire Tatars | eBay

Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, It employed deep defences by building separate field works in front of the camp’s defences. A large Ottoman army was gathered for a punitive invasion of the Commonwealth. Inthe Polish hussars again fought a major battle on this site.

Battles involving the Ottoman Empire by era. Battle of Khotyn, This article is about the battle that occurred in On 10 September Chodkiewicz proposed a night attack. An assault was prepared for the night of 12 to 13 September, but just before the attack, there was heavy rainfall and the action had to be canceled. Bitwa pod Chocimiem, The Ottomans tried to scatter the Cossacks and cut them off from the main Polish-Lithuanian forces, but did not succeed.

The victory allowed the Poles to revoke the unfavourable Peace of Buchach and set the stage for the role Sobieski was to play in the Battle of Vienna in