Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Genus: Excoecaria. Species: E. agallocha. A widespread and common species, though there are some localised threats and there has been an overall population decline caused by coastal development. Common name: Blinding Tree, Milky mangrove, Blind-your-eye mangrove, River poison tree • Bengali: gewa • Hindi: Gangiva, Tejbala • Kannada: hara, haro.

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New bis-secolabdane diterpenoids from Excoecaria agallocha.

Excoecaria agallocha

Several bioactive compounds belonging to various chemical groups were isolated from different parts of the plant. Or, Login with your user account:. Excecaria daphnane-type diterpenes 97— as cryptic and free skin irritant were isolated from the latex.

Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs.

Please review our privacy policy. Pentacyclic triterpenoids from leaves of Excoecaria agallocha. Demography and Conservation Demography and Conservation. The leaves and latex of this plant are used as fish poison by the people of Malaysia, India, and New Caledonia.

Excoecaria agallocha – Wikipedia

Three New ent-Labdane diterpenoids from the wood of Excoecaria agallocha Linn. Triterpenoids and steroids from Excoecaria agallocha. It is a host plant of the Mangrove Longhorn Beetle Aeolesthes holosericeus larvae, which drill discs into the trunks of dead or sick individuals.

The poisonous latex has a variety of uses including the treatment of ulcers, as a fish poison agallofha catching fish, and for poison darts. Antiulcer activity Antiulcer activity of E.


India Biodiversity Portal

Excoecaria agallocha Linnaeus Kingdom: Chemical structures of phyto-constituents isolated from Excoecaria agallocha L. Thillaimilky mangrove, blind-your-eye mangrove and river poison tree. Mangrove swamps form a type of coastal wetland found in the tropics and subtropics. Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records.

At a particular higher concentration, the cell viability was more in methanol extract than the chloroform extract.

Excoecaria agallocha L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Int J Pharm Biol Sci. Int J Plant Environ Sci. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat.

Anti-tumor-promoting activity of the diterpene from Excecaria agallocha. This small tree species may grow up to 15 m high. Seco-labdane type diterpenes from Excoecaria agallocha. Novel diterpenes, excoecarins M and N from the resinous wood of Excoecaria agallocha.

Most of the kaurane diterpenes are ent-kaurane derivatives. Vernacular Names of Excoecaria sxcoecaria L. Excoecaria agallocha Other common names: Excoecaria agallochaknown as a back mangrove, is found at higher elevations back away from the ocean where salinity is lower.

Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Mangroves usually constitute from about eighty families of shrubs and trees which inhabits the shoreline and estuaries in the tropical and subtropical coastal regions of the world.

Trees to 10 m high, bark grey, smooth; branchlets mm thick, brownish or greyish. Batsa AJ, Periyasamy K. Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Int J Pharm Clin Res. Turk J Pharm Sci.


Miscellaneous Ten other compounds were isolated from the woods. Several diterpenoids were isolated from mangrove plant E.

Analgesic activity The analgesic effect of ethanol: The analgesic effect of ethanol: Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. Screening of antioxidant and antifilarial activity of leaf extracts of Excoecaria agallocha L. The tree is commonly pollinated by bees, which are attracted by the sticky nectar exuded from the glands at the margins of the bracts that are associated with the flowers of the inflorescence.

Among local mangrove plants, the drooping flowering shoot is a unique characteristic. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle.

Sumanta MondalDebjit Ghosh1 and K. The result revealed that methanol extract exhibited higher activity compared to hexane and chloroform extract. Queensland Child and Youth Clinical Network. Flowers are small and occur in sprays or racemes up to 3cm long in the axils or forks of the leaves.

The result showed that in the dried plant sample, the leaf part showed more antibacterial activity against all the test organisms compared to the fresh plant extracts.