Eriugena’s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus or Joannes Scottigena. In the manuscripts of the tenth and subsequent centuries the forms. The crucially important Christian mystic philosopher, translator, theologian and poet, John Scottus Eriugena (Johannes Scottus Eriugena or Scotus Erigena). Johannes Scotus Eriugena (c. –) was an Irish theologian, Neoplatonist philosopher, and poet. He is best known for translating and commenting on the.
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At the request of the emperor, he made a Latin translation of the works of Dionysius the Areopagite, which was followed later by translations of Maximus Confessor and Gregory of Nyssa.
Sacrae scripturae interpretatio infinita estII. The tradition that after the death of Charles the Bald he went to England at the invitation of Alfred the Greatthat he taught a school at Malmesburyand was there put to death by his pupils, has no support in contemporary documents and may well have arisen from some confusion of names on the part of later historians.
Erigena soon became the leading erriugena of learning in northern France.
Johannes Scottus Eriugena – New World Encyclopedia
We are compelled to johannex this eternal process under the form of time, to apply temporal distinctions to that which is extra- or supra-temporal. After leaving Ireland he spent the rest of his days in Franceprobably at Paris and Laon. There is no evidence, however, that this order was attended to.
Occasionally he is also named ‘Scottigena’ “Gaelic” or “Irishborn” in the manuscripts. Extensive bibliographies are given in Cappuyns, op. A Study in Mediaeval Philosophy Cambridge, ; repr.
Eriugena argues the question entirely on speculative grounds, and starts with the bold affirmation that philosophy and religion are fundamentally one and the same. For since they are, though created, identical with Godand since their locus is the Jogannes of Godthe Second Person of the Blessed Trinitythey are operative causes and not merely static types.
This mode illustrates Eriugena’s original way of dissolving the traditional Neoplatonic hierarchy of being into a dialectic of affirmation and negation: There is but one ontological principle in nature, God.
God is above all friugena. He is the Cause sccotus all love and is diffused through all things and gathers scotuss things together into one and involves them in Himself in an ineffable Return, and brings to an end in Himself the motions of love of the whole creature. To read his De Divisione Naturae The Division of Nature [also called the Periphyseon ] after immersion in the [European] folk literature we have been reading is a shocking experience: There are two pairs of species.
By the things that are, I mean the things that do not wholly escape perception, either angelic or human This also has been preserved, and fragments of a commentary by Eriugena on Dionysius have been discovered in manuscript. Edited by Jeanne Barbet. While the ” De Corpore et Sanguine Domini ” is not Eriugena’s, though ascribed to him, there can be no doubt that in some work, now lost, on that subject he maintained doctrines at variance with the Catholic doctrine of Transubstantiation.
Eriugena, like all great mystics, is scots viewed as a panen-theist, no mere pantheist or theist ].
John Scotus Eriugena (c.810/815-877)
He seems to think there are two kinds of time: Eriugena elaborates on the parallels between human and divine nature. Though he took the view that the authorities of East and West were not in conflict, nevertheless he usually expressed a preference for the Eastern Church Fathers. VII of the series Scriptores latini Hiberniae: However, soon afterwards, the Periphyseon was listed in the first edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum [by the Inquisition], and remained on it, until the Index itself was abolished in the s.
Augustine bishop of Hippo, North Africa, d. Richard Woods, Christian Spirituality: The work was warmly assailed by Drepanius Florus, canon of Lyons, and Prudentius, and was condemned by two councils: The sound intellect must hold that after the end of this world every nature, whether corporeal or incorporeal, will seem to be only God, while preserving the integrity of its nature, so that even God, Who in Himself is incomprehensible, is after a certain mode comprehended in the creature, while the creature itself by an ineffable miracle is changed into God.
John Scottus Eriugena (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
William of Malmesbury’s amusing story illustrates both the character of Eriugena and the position he occupied at the French court. Opera Omnia in Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes. Yet Eriugena’s orthodoxy was not at the time held suspect.
In Erigena, responding to a request of Charles the Bald, began the translation of several Greek works whose study became formative for the development of his thought.